The text is called “Memories of the Peruvian Monarchy” or an outline of Inca history.
The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, Enlightened. “The Four Regions”), also known as the Incan Empire and the Inca Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in the city of Cusco. The Inca civilization arose from the Peruvian highlands sometime in the early 13th century. Its last fortress was conquered by the Spanish in 1572
From 1438 to 1533, the Incas incorporated a large part of western South America, centered on the Andes Mountains, by means of conquest and peaceful assimilation, among other methods. At its greatest, the empire in Peru, southwest Ecuador, west and south-central Bolivia, northwest Argentina, a large part of what is today Chile and southwest Colombia became a state comparable to the historical empires of Eurasia. Its official language was Quechua. Many local forms of worship continued in the empire, most of them about local sacred Huacas, but the Inca leadership encouraged Inti – their sun god – to solar worship and introduced its sovereignty over other cults like Pachamama. The Incas believed that their king, Sapa Inca, was “the son of the sun.”
The Inca Empire was unusual because it lacked many features associated with civilization in the Old World. Anthropologist Gordon McEwan wrote that:
The Incas lacked the use of wheeled vehicles. They lacked animals to ride and draft animals that could pull wagons and plows… [They] lacked the knowledge of iron and steel… Above all, they lacked a system of writing… Despite these supposed handicaps, the Incas were still able to construct one of the greatest imperial states in human history.
— Gordon McEwan, The Incas: New Perspectives
Peru recovers invaluable Inca manuscripts
Peru recovers the Priceless Inca manuscript
Lima (AFP) – Peru unveiled an invaluable manuscript containing the memoirs of former Inca leaders who disappeared during Chile’s occupation of Lima during the Pacific War 1879-84.
The manuscript – called “Memories of the Peruvian monarchy or disposition of the Incas history” – was written in the 1830s by Justo Apu Sahuaraura Inca (1775-1853), a descendant of the Inca emperor Huayna Capac (1493-1525).
“The value of this document from 1838 is incalculable. It was always considered to be an extremely rare jewel of a document, we do not have another of its kind, ”Gerardo Trillo, director of a collection of protection at Lima’s national library, told AFP about the manuscript found in Brazil.
Sahuaraura was a member of the native noble Cusco, the ancient Inca capital, and devoted his time to preserving the memory of the Inca empire, which lasted for 100 years between the 16th and 16th centuries and covered a large area from southern Colombia to the center. of Chile.
Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures. Everything from the Norte Chico civilization that began in 3500 BC, the oldest civilization in America and one of the five civilization rocks, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America, and the territory now including Peru has one of the longest stories of civilization in any country, tracing its heritage back to the fourth millennium BCE.
Peru to experience the mythical Inca culture with Machu Picchu highlighting is a dream for many. It is the old Native American culture with a strong foothold in Peru that is the image of most people when talking about South America.